Orthopaedic Surgery is the branch of surgery which concerns conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
This specialty deals with acute injuries, congenital and acquired disorders, chronic arthritis or overuse of the bones, joints and their associated tissues, ligaments, nerves and muscles.
The main procedures undertaken by orthopaedic surgeons are:
- Arthroplasty – This is the replacement of whole joints, mainly due to osteo/rheumatoid arthritis. Hip and knee replacements are the most common surgeries.
- Joint Arthoscopy – A minimally invasive technique which involves inserting probes into the joint to diagnose and repair damaged joint tissue such as torn ligaments.
- Fracture Repair – These are a series of techniques that are used depending on the type, severity and location of the fracture to ensure that the bones are stable and heal correctly. This can include permanent pins, plates and frames.
- Corrective Surgery – These are procedures aimed at correcting problems of misalignment which limits function.