Ophthalmology is the speciality of medicine which deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye.
Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are considered to be both surgical and medical specialists.
The main operation that are performed is CATARACT surgery.
A cataract is a cloudiness of the eye’s crystalline lens due to aging, disease, or trauma that typically prevents light from forming a clear image on the retina.
If vision loss is significant, the surgical removal of the lens maybe needed and is usually replaced with a plastic intraocular lens (IOL).
This is one of the most common surgeries.