General surgery is frequently performed to alleviate suffering when a cure is unlikely through medication alone.
Laparoscopic (or keyhole) surgery is recognized as an integral and crucial skill that is developing across the entirety of general surgical practice and subspecialties.
Surgery is being carried out increasingly by minimally invasive techniques that offer patients less pain, better outcomes and shorter post-operative recovery.
Given the wide range of work undertaken by general surgeons, one of distinguishing features is the range of sub-specialties that lie within it.
- Breast – Assessment of patients with breast symptoms and breast cancer surgery. These often include reconstructive procedures that do not require plastic surgeons.
- Colorectal – Surgery for disease of the colon, rectum and anal canal.
- Endocrine – Surgery for disease of the thyroid and other endocrine glands.
- Upper Gastrointestinal – These are surgeries for diseases affecting the liver, oesophagus and stomach. This also includes Bariatric/Obesity Surgery.
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- Vascular – Surgery on the main blood vessels of the neck, trunk and limbs.