Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery (ENT) is the surgical treatment of diseases, injuries or deformities of the ear, nose, throat, head and neck areas.
One of the key areas of concern for ENT surgeons is helping patients cope with or recover from diseases that impair the senses of hearing and balance.
The principle sub-specialties of ENT surgery are:
- Otology – Treatment of infection, disease and damage to the ear to improve hearing and balance.
- Rhinology – Treatment of sinus and nasal disorders to relieve pain, ease breathing and improve nasal function.
- Laryngology – Treatment of infections of the throat and larynx to ease speech and swallowing.
- Facial Plastics – Includes rhinoplasty (nose), pinnaplasty (ears), face lifts or reconstructive jaw surgery.
- Grommet Insertion – This is to allow air to the middle ear in cases of chronic middle ear infections. This is to assist hearing typically in children and are removed when the infection is cleared.
- Adeno-Tonsillectomy – The removal of tonsils +/- adenoids to relieve various conditions.
- Septoplasty – Correction of nasal septum to enable clear breathing and prevent obstruction.